It includes a belief in reincarnation and transmigration of souls. chancellor. He may be assisted by auxiliary bishops or a coadjutor bishop (seeauxiliary bishopandcoadjutor). metropolitan. It is also called an episcopal conference. As a born and raised Catholic who has worked in Muslim countries for more years than I can remember and who thinks of himself as a Buddhist, I found your list quite limited. Anabaptist is a general term for several Reformation movements that insisted on the baptism of adult believers, as opposed to infant baptism, and who generally rejected the establishment of Protestant state churches. clergy. Kudos for getting Immaculate Conception spot-on! It almost sounds like disbelieve is more like un-believe something you do. Where as to not believe is to never arrive at a state of belief. Seelay ecclesial ministry. refers to the teaching of the thirteenth-century systematic theologian Thomas Aquinas, favoured by Catholics, but not Protestants. Also a notary and secretary of the diocesan curia, or central administration; he or she may have a variety of other duties as well. Also, probably worth noting the difference between catholic (All inclusive, pertaining to all mankind) & Catholic (as in Roman Catholic). NOTE: The definitions given here are not intended to be exhaustive. (NB Arminians, not Armenians, a people from the Caucasus!). Strictly, the title applies to women religious of those institutes, mostly formed during or since the 19th century, whose members do not profess solemn vows. A bishop appointed to a Catholic diocese or archdiocese to assist the diocesan bishop. split within the church, which may or may not lead to heresy [qv]. Church crimes are spelled out in theCode of Canon Lawfor the Latin rite and in theCode of Canons of the Eastern Churchesfor Eastern Catholic churches. The USCCB traces its origins to the 1919 establishment of the National Catholic Welfare Conference. Every field has specialized terms, and the field of religious freedom is no different. Arminianism Christian churches which share partially in the historic apostolic communities of Christian discipleship, but which in the Catholic Church's perspective do not have the fullness of apostolic succession in their bishops or ordained ministry, are calledecclesial communions, rather than churches. religion, human beings' relation to that which they regard as holy, sacred, absolute, spiritual, divine, or worthy of especial reverence. Only cardinals under the age of 80 are allowed into a conclave under current church rules. dicastery. Daniel G. Reid et al., Dictionary of Christianity in America (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1990), This definition of covenant is from O. Palmer Robertson's book, Circumcision controversy in early Christianity, emphasizing the letter of law at the expense of the spirit, epochal relationship of restoration and peace, Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament, dictionary, "Christendom", Catholic Encyclopedia: Chronology of the Life of Jesus Christ, Architecture of cathedrals and great churches,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using sidebar with the child parameter, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia glossaries using unordered lists, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 8 January 2023, at 13:15. The first three are also called thesacraments of Christian initiation, and in the Eastern Catholic and Orthodox traditions they are administered together in infancy. Abraham is the patriarch, acknowledged as the father of the lineage of faith by the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions. When referring to the Roman Curia,Roman CuriaandCuriaused alone are usually capitalized (likeSenatewhen referring to the U.S. Senate), butcuriais not capitalized in reference to a diocesan curia unless it is part of a full proper name. (I am not opening up a debate on that subject). See also Terminology Differences by Sandra Tanner. The Pluralism ProjectHarvard University2 Arrow St, 4th FloorCambridge MA02138. A promise made to God with sufficient knowledge and freedom. Christmas is the Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Although this was published in 2010 and am just reading it now (2019) when i was looking for words associated with traditional religion for preparation of my lesson, i think i still find it educating and lucid. Agnosticism is not about the existence of God being unknowable I cannot think of a single Faith that claims you can *know* God exists. the belief that the end of the world is imminent, and will be preceded by the rule of the 'saints' upon earth. While the accidents (shape, colour, taste etc) remain, the substance is transformed. @Andy, Islamic terms would grant a post on their own, and that is why we have not mixed them here (except for the mainstream jihad). This has been a source of one of the major popular misunderstandings of annulments; namely, that an annulment somehow makes the children of that union illegitimate. Many titular sees are ancient cities of the Middle East or Northern Africa. This useful and informative work should help anyone studying religion up to graduate level, but it is also a . In this legal sense women religious (sisters) and unordained men religious (brothers) are laity. faculty. penance the sacrament [qv] in which bread and wine is blessed or consecrated and then consumed (the communion). Refers to a bishop or groups of bishops, or to the form of church governance in which ordained bishops have authority. The other chief religious titles for clerics areMsgr.,Bishop,Archbishop,Cardinal,Popeand, for the head of a male monastic community,Abbot. Definitions of LDS terminology, using Standard Works, words from General Authorities, and official church manuals. episcopal. the sacrament by which Christians express sorrow for sin, and receive God's forgiveness. The synonym is universal, or Universal, as one might prefer. (adj. Angels are common to Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. A separate but parallelCode of Canons of the Eastern Churches, issued in 1990, governs the Eastern Catholic churches. NB - this concept, and the word itself, is anachronistic before about the middle of the seventeenth century. Lord's Supper A term applied to the Sikh Scriptures, meaning the words are as sweet as nectar (amrit). The term has spread to non-religious professions. delict. First century Christian writers used bishop or episkopos to refer to church elders. asceticism: a mode of life that excludes physical pleasures and self-indulgence. The chancel is the part of church, often elevated by a few steps, where the altar and pulpit are located. Catholicism taught that scripture was supplemented by the tradition of the Church, and that the Church was the authoritative interpreter of scripture. Most are heads of major dioceses around the world or of the major departments of the Vatican, or are retired from such posts. host a form of religious instruction set out in a simple question-and answer format. curia. Biography All Saints Day is November 1, the day on which the church celebrates the saints, known and unknown. Greek ekklesiastikos referred to the ancient Athenian political assembly. The primary official term of reference for the Diocese of Rome, as the chief diocese of Catholic Christendom; used to refer to the pope and the Roman Curiacongregations, tribunals, and various other officesin their role of authority over and service to the Catholic Church around the world. Find dictionary definitions and related terms in the Religion category on the online glossary. eparchial. The word comes from a Greek word meaning grateful.. Most bishops are diocesan bishops, the chief priests in their respective dioceses. Many countries have anti-blasphemy laws. the sacred writings of the Christian religions, the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth, a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior, the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity, the monotheistic religious system of Muslims, the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud, the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina, the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation, worshipping or believing in more than one god, the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma; characterized by a veneration of nature spirits and of ancestors, the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit, (from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads. Nowadays there are religious groups that identify themselves as Pagans. An acronym for anno domini, the year of the Lord. pagan This is a term difficult to define in even such a superficial treatment as this. Penance is also called the sacrament ofreconciliation. Whether we care about it or not, we ought to be able to read and write about religion with some understanding of the terminology. Diocesan bishops and their auxiliaries are responsible for the pastoral care of their dioceses. There are various sects with varying beliefs. SeeMass,sacramentsandvespers. Moksha: Liberation, or Freedom, from the endless cycle of births known as Samsara. most commonly used to signify Christians recognising spiritual authority of the pope. clerical. The belief that the entire universe - substances, forces and laws -- is God - the universe is God's body. lay: not in holy orders. Thelocalorparticular churchmeans the (arch)diocese, the community of faithful gathered around the altar under its bishop. Jesus Christ. The glossary is a revision of Religious Studies - A Glossary of Terms. Omnipotence: The concept that God has infinite power; he is able to do anything that he wishes that is consistent with his own personality. The change is called transubstantiation, and the doctrine of the literal presence of Jesus is called the Real Presence. (2) In general, all women religious, even those in simple vows, who are more properly calledsisters. The word is from Greek orthodoxein, to have the right opinion. The noun is orthodoxy. GCSE which was published by the School Examination Council (SEC) in 1986. A church term for one of the major departments of the Roman Curiathe Secretariat of State, Vatican congregations, tribunals, pontifical councils and a few other departments. Prol. Glossary of Church Terms - The Roman Catholic Diocese of Savannah Menu LOGIN About Us Diocesan History Former Bishops of the Diocese Priest Necrology Glossary of Church Terms Our Bishops Bishop Stephen D. Parkes Biography Coat of Arms Sacramental History News Statements Official Portraits SDP Social Bishop Emeritus John Kevin Boland, D.D. a visible ritual action designed to convey an invisible spiritual grace, usually performed by a priest. The threshold amounts are established periodically by an agreement with the Holy See and are currently subject to annual inflation changes determined by the cost of living index. Assign learning activities including Practice, Vocabulary Jams and Spelling Bees to your students, and monitor their progress in real-time. All Rights Reserved. Ex locorum agrestium compitis et pagis pagani vocantur. OED. ecumenical: worldwide. the systematic description of the visual components of an image; the pattern of images making up the theme in a depiction. archeparchy. Philip Dragonetti Monotheism still fits with the perplexing let Us make Man in Our Image in the Christian concept pf the Trinity which is not mentioned in the bible, but extrapolated from the whole, that God is a single entity consisting of 3 expressions. For example John 1:1 refers to the Son as the creative expression of God and the Word (an expressive attribute) and the Spirit is considered to be the Power of God expressed. United StatesConference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). The archbishop who heads that province is called themetropolitan, but usually only in contexts referring to him in his capacity as head of the province. The U.S. conference is theUnited States Conference of Catholic Bishops, orUSCCB. term sometimes used by Protestants for the eucharist. It is the highest diocesan position open to women. Catholics also recognize the mainline Orthodox churches as churches; and until the recent ordination of women in several Old Catholic churches of the Union of Utrecht, the Catholic Church had recognized Union of Utrecht churches as churches. on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. The head of an archeparchy is called anarcheparch, but in most contexts he can be called anarchbishop. ceremonial act of washing oneself, usually for ritual or purification purposes. Among those who are in paid posts, about 40% are coordinators of religious education. What do Muslims believe? the English language is basically Anglishthe language of the Germans who invaded and controlled Britain until the French-Norman William the Conquerer invaded in 1066 and brought French to Britain. Luther, and many subsequent Protestants, identified the papacy (rather than an individual pope) as the antichrist. Mass. A parish or (arch)diocesan body that the pastor or (arch)bishop consults concerning policies and major decisions in the governance of the local church. The Baptist tradition includes a variety of Christian churches which trace their beginnings to the Anabaptist reform movement that rejected infant baptism insisting on the importance of baptizing only those who are able to profess the faith as believers. Thanks Maeve. The Schleitheim Confession (1527) also rejects military service, violence, and the swearing of oaths by conscientious Christians. apostolic nuncio. For many members of religious orders, the short version of their order's name may precede the religious title:Mercy Sister Mary Smith,Jesuit Father John Smith,Benedictine Brother Peter Smith. multifaith): An attempt to initiate dialog, cooperation, and understanding among individuals of many different faiths. The promise should not be called a "vow." suspension. Baptism is the Christian sacrament of initiation in which new birth into the Christian community is conferred by sprinkling of or immersion in water. orMgr. In this glossary, you will find definitions of common religious freedom and First Amendment terms and phrases, as compiled by our experts, for your greater understanding. (1) Strictly speaking, a member of a religious order of women with solemn vows. Catholics believe that in the consecration the bread and wine truly become the body and blood of Christ. Many religions regard asceticism (fasting, abstaining from sexual activity, wearing inadequate clothing) as a means of reaching a higher spiritual state. jihad: a holy war on behalf of Islam. finance council. Test your spelling acumen. It includes the Mass (also called theEucharistic liturgy), the celebration of the other sacraments, and the Liturgy of the Hours, which contains the official prayers recited by priests and some others to sanctify parts of the day. 16 words 57 learners . It is also given to certain other high-ranking church officials, notably Vatican ambassadors (apostolic nuncios: see that entry), the secretaries of Vatican congregations and the presidents of pontifical councils. Ametropolitan seeis an archdiocese that is the chief diocese of an ecclesiastical province. Eucharist: the sacrament of the Lords Supper, a rite in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed in union with Christ. the leading enemy of Christ and his teaching, referred to in various biblical passages, and widely expected to appear on earth before the end of the world. members of the Church who do not belong to the clergy. Technically, 'Catholic' means universal, and the creed recited by most Christians in this period affirms belief in 'the holy catholic church'. Penance is also used to mean the action required to demonstrate true repentance: 'doing penance' by saying prayers, fasting etc. Children from a putative marriage are considered legitimate even if the marriage is later ruled to be invalid. archdiocese. While pagan and heathen are still sometimes used as pejoratives by some Christians, they are also claimed by contemporary Pagans and Heathens (= Germanic polytheists). Protestants had a much wider concept than Catholics of what constituted idolatry. Check on the Web or in other resources to determine whether the man in question is a bishop or just a priest who has an honorary title from the pope. In some rare cases a member of the clergy will be denied certain faculties, such as hearing confessions or preaching during the liturgy, because of public positions taken that are not in accord with church teaching. Not all contemporary Pagan traditions are earth-centered either. Eucharist: the sacrament of the Lords Supper, a rite in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed in symbolic union with Christ. -. -. Find information on Religion terms and definitions in the cross-referenced index. Seeeparchy. The word did have different meanings and there are different theories as to why Christians called the nonbelievers by that word. In Catholic teaching the church embraces all its membersnot only those still living on earth, but also those in heaven or purgatory. millenarianism Your definition is common among most (but not all) Protestants. Highest-ranking Catholic clergy below the pope. In time bishop came to mean the chief administrator of a diocese (administrative district governed by a bishop) with the power to ordain. Men and women entering religious life take vows, typically of poverty, chastity and obedience. It appears in such phrases asHoly See,titular see,metropolitan see,suffragan see,see city. the process by which people are restored to God's favour, having lost it through sin. The topic of religion, like that of ecology, is one that concerns all human beings. william frawley funeral,